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  • I

    {1} Schlesinger A.M., Jr. The Crisis of the Old Order 19191933. Melbourne London, 1957. P. 330.

    {2} Ibid. P. 331.

    {3} Miller N.Theodor Roosevelt. A Life. N.Y., 1992. P. 321352.

    {4} Lash J.P.Eleanor and Franklin. The Story of Their Relationship. N.Y., 1971. P. 157.

    {5} Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 152.

    {6} Franklin D.Roosevelt. His Personal Letters: Early Years. New York. Vols IIV.Elliot Roosevelt, ed. Vol. I. N.Y. 1947. P. 517, 518.

    {7} Schlesinger A.M., Jr. Op. cit. P. 338.

    {8} Ward G.C. A First Class Temperament. The Emergence of Franklin Roosevelt. N.Y., 1989; P. 85; Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 237.

    {9} .: .. . ., 2010. . 303.

    {10} .. . . ., 2008. . 4849.

    {11} Ward G.C.Op. cit. P. 112.

    {12} Rollins A.B., Jr. Roosevelt and Howe. N.Y., 1962. P. 17.

    {13} Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 244, 245.

    {14} .: Perkins F.The Roosevelt I Know. N.Y., 1946. P. 914.

    {15} (Ward G.C.Op. cit. P. 170, 816).

    {16} .: Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 249.

    {17} Ibid. P. 280.

    {18} Ward G.C.Op. cit. P. 304.

    {19} 1916. .: ... . . 5463.

    {20} .: Ward G.C.Op. cit. P. 325.

    {21} Schlesinger A.M., Jr. Op. cit. P. 360.

    {22} ϸ- .: Butow R.J.C.How Roosevelt Attacked Japan at Pearl Harbor // Proloque. Fall 1996. vol. 28. 3. P. 209221.

    {23} Schlesinger A.M., Jr. Op. cit. P. 360.

    {24} Ibid. P. 361.

    {25} Ibid. P. 364.

    {26} Meacham J.Franklin and Winston. AnIntimate Portrait of an Epic Friendship. N.Y., 2003. P. 298.

    {27} Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 315.

    {28} Schlesinger A.M., Jr. Op. cit. P. 369.

    {29} Ward G.C.Op. cit. P. 509.

    {30} Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 340.

    {31} Ward G.C.Op. cit. P. 520, 521.

    {32} Rollins A.B., Jr. Op. cit. P. 156158; Ward G.C.Op. cit. P. 522.

    {33} .: .. . . ., 2004. . 6881.

    {34} Schlesinger A.M., Jr. Op. cit. P. 380.

    {35} Ward G.C.Op. cit. P594.

    {36} Ibid. P. 607.

    {37} , , c , : , (Freidel F.Franklin D.Roosevelt: The Ordeal. Boston, 1954. P. 125).

    {38} Schlesinger A.M., Jr. Op. cit. P. 391.

    {39} Ward G.C.Op. cit. P. 785.

    {40} Ibid. P. 793.

    II

    {1} Rollins A.B., Jr. Roosevelt and Howe. N.Y., 1962. P. 217.

    {2} Roosevelt F.D.Whither Bound? Boston, 1926. P. 415.

    {3} Galbraith J.R.The Great Crash. Boston, 1955. P. 6.

    {4} McElvaine R. S.The Great Depression. America, 19291941. N. Y., 1984. P. 14.

    {5} .: :  4- . ., 19831987. . 3 (19181945). ., 1985. . 90.

    {6} Link A. S.What Happened to the Progressive Movement in the 1920s? // American Historical Review. July 1959. P. 833; Hawley E.W.The New Deal and Business // The New Deal. The National Level. Ed. by J.Braeman and oth. Columbus, 1975. P. 5055.

    {7} LC.Norman H.Davis Papers. Box 51. Franklin D.Roosevelt to Davis. March 30, 1928.

    {8} Ibid. N.Davis to F.Roosevelt. April 12, 1928.

    {9}  1927. - . 1916., .. , , , . , . , , , (.: .. , 19231929. ., 1980. . 160, 161, 167169, 197).

    {10} Foreign Affairs. July 1928. P. 573586.

    {11} Historical Statistics of the United States. Colonial Times to 1957. Wash., 1960. P. 73.

    {12} Leven M., Moulton H.G., Warburton C.Americas Capacity to Consume. Wash., 1934. P. 5456, 9394, 103104, 123.

    {13} McElvaine R.S.Op. cit. P. 38, 39.

    {14} Ibid. P. 21.

    {15} H.. : . ., 1982. . 127.

    {16} .: FDR.His Personal Letters. Ed. by E.Roosevelt. 4vols. N.Y., 19451950. Vol. 3. P. 119120.

    {17} Hughes E. J.The Living Presidency. N. Y., 1972. P. 121.

    {18} Principal Speeches of Harry L.Hopkins, Works Progress Administrator ( Principal Speeches). Address by Harry L.Hopkins before the United States Conference of Mayors at Mayflower Hotel. Wash., November 17, 1976.

    {19} Ibidem.

    {20} Ibidem.

    {21} Principal Speeches. Address by Harry L.Hopkins before a Luncheon Meeting of the United Neighbourhood Houses of New York at Biltmore Hotel. New York City, March 14, 1936.

    {22} Tugwell R.G.In Search of Roosevelt. Cambridge (Mass.), 1972. P. 193.

    {23} .: Piven F.F. and Cloward R.A.Poor Peoples Movement. N.Y., 1979. , . . 1932. , , (LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 74. H.Laski to Frankfurter. February 2, 1932).

    {24} LC.Thomas J.Walsh Papers. Box 183. Frederick Allen to Walsh. December 30, 1931.

    {25} Lash J. P.Eleonor and Franklin. The Story of Their Relationship. N. Y., 1973. P. 450.

    {26} The Public Papers of Governor Franklin D.Roosevelt, 19291932, 4vols. Albany, 19301939; 1931vol. P. 734, 740741.

    {27} The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D.Roosevelt, Samuel I.Rosenman (ed.). 13vols. N.Y., 19381950. Vol. 1. P. 458.

    {28} Ibid. P. 646.

    {29} McElvaine R. S.Op. cit. P. 125.

    {30} 1931. : , : , - (LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 78. W.Lippman to Frankfurter. October 22, 1931).

    {31} . 1931. , , , (LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 78. W.Lippman to Frankfurter. February 5, 1931).

    {32} Rosen E. A.Hoover, Roosevelt and the Brains Trust: From Depression to New Deal. N.Y., 1977. P. 141.

    {33} . , , , , (Leff ..The Limits of Symbolic Reform: The New Deal and Taxation. 19331939. Cambr., 1984).

    {34} Schlesinger A.M.,Jr. The Crisis of the Old Order, 19191933. Melbourne L. Toronto, 1957. P. 445.

    {35} Ibid. P. 432.

    {36} LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 78. W.Lippman to Frankfurter. September 14, 1932.

    {37} . : Lash J. P.Op. cit. P. 462.

    {38} McElvaine R. S.Op. cit. P. 133.

    {39} Ibid. P. 134.

    {40} .: . . ., 1993. . 239.

    {41} Hurd Ch. When the New Deal was Young and Gay. N.Y., 1965. P. 32.

    {42} The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D.Roosevelt. Vol. II. P.1116.

    {43} .: Schlesinger A.M.,Jr. The Coming of the New Deal. L. Melbourne Toronto, 1960. P. 5.

    {44} New York Public Library. N.Thomas Papers. Box 3. Ernest Gruening to Thomas. March 9, 1933.

    {45} Moley R.After Seven Years: A Political Analysis of the New Deal. Lincoln, 1971. P. 155.

    {46} .: Blum J. M.From the Morgenthau Diaries. 3vols. Boston, 1976. Vol. 1. P.45.

    {47} Fite G.C.Farmer Opinion and the Agricultural Adjustment Act, 1933 // Mississippi Valley Historical Review. March, 1962. P. 673.

    {48} .: Rauch .The History of the New Deal, 19331938. N. Y., 1944. P. 68; Kirkendall R.S.The New Deal and Agriculture // The New Deal. The National Level. P. 83109.

    {49} , , : , , . , , , ,  (WSHSL. R.Robins Papers. Box 25. Robins to ( ). March 17, 1933).

    {50} .: Hawley .W.The New Deal and the Problem of Monopoly. A Study in Economic Ambivalence. Princeton, 1966. P. 325.

    {51} Ibid. P. 19.

    {52} Hallgren M.A.The Gay Reformer. N. Y., 1935. P. 171.

    {53} Hawley B.W.Op. cit. P. 19.

    {54} .: New Deal Mosaic. Ed. by L. G.Selingman, E.E.Cornwell. Eugene, 1965. P.274.

    {55} Schlesinger ..,Jr. The Coming of the New Deal. P. 257.

    {56} . . . . 1. ., 1958. . 130.

    {57} . . 123.

    {58} New Republic. January 1, 1936. . 211.

    {59} Ibid. April 10, 1935. . 235.

    {60} The New Dealers. ByUnofficial Observer. P. 181.

    {61} The New Deal. The National Level. Ed. by J.Braeman, R.H.Bremner, D.Brody. Vol. 1. Columbus, 1975. P219.

    {62} Schlesinger A.M.,Jr. The Politics of Upheaval. Boston, 1960. P. 352.

    {63} FDRL. L.Hickok Papers. Box 11. Hickok to G.Hopkins. August 712, 1933.

    {64} . : , 11 1990. . 15.

    {65} Ward G.C. A First-Class Temperament. The Emergence of Franklin Roosevelt. N.Y., 1989. ..

    {66} Tugwell R.G.In Search of Roosevelt. Cambridge, Mass., 1972. P. 298.

    {67} Word G.C.Op. cit. P. 448.

    {68} Ibid. P. 454.

    {69} Ibid. P. 522.

    {70} Lash J.P.Eleanor and Franklin. The Story of Their Relationship, Based on Eleanor Roosevelt Private Papers. N.Y., 1971. P. 390391.

    {71} New York Times, December 30, 1928.

    {72} Rollins A.B., Jr. Roosevelt and Howe. N.Y., 1962. P. 272, 273.

    {73} LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 78. Frankfurter to W.Lippman. October 23. 1932.

    {74} .. . ., 1999. . 149.

    {75} .: . . . 237.

    {76} .: Leuchtenburg W.E.In the Shadow of FDR.From Harry Truman toRonald Reagan. Ithaca and London, 1985. P. 152, 206, 213.

    {77} . : The New Deal. The National Level. P. 170.

    III

    {1} The New Deal. The National Level. P. 123. , , . 30- .

    {2} Historical Statistics of the United States. Colonial Times to 1970. Wash., 1975. P. 135.

    {3} Vatter ..The U. S.Economy in World War II. N. Y., 1985. P. 131.

    {4} Piven F.F., Cloward R.A.Poor Peoples Movement. N. Y., 1977. P. 67, 68.

    {5} Wayne State University. Labor History Archives. H.Kraus Collection. Box 16. Jonn L.Lewis Statement. Columbus (Ohio).

    {6} New Republic. April 29, 1936. P. 330.

    {7} Piven F.F., Cloward R.A.Op. cit. P. 83.

    {8} Peoples Press. April 24, 1937.

    {9} . : .. . ., 1968; E.. 19331935. // . 1957. 3.

    {10} Fite G..Op. cit. P. 664, 666, 667.

    {11} Venkataramani M.S.Norman Thomas, Arcansas Sharecroppers and the Roosevelt Agricultural Politics, 19331937 // Mississippi Valley Historical Review. Vol. XLVII. 2. 1960.

    {12} .: ... . . 145.

    {13} . . . 147.

    {14} The New Deal. The National Level. P. 105.

    {15} Ibid. P. 170.

    {16} Venkataramani MS.Op. cit. P. 227.

    {17} The New Deal. The National Level. P. 174; Conrad D.F.The Forgotten Farmers: The Story of Sharecroppers in the New Deal. Urbana, 1965.

    {18} Sterner R.The Negros Share. N. Y., 1943. P. 239253.

    {19} The New Deal. The National Level. P. 188, 189, 191.

    {20} Ibid. P. 194.

    {21} Ibid. P. 211.

    {22} Weiss N.J.Farewell to the Party of Lincoln: Black Politics in the Age of FDR.Princeton, 1983. P. 299.

    {23} The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D.Roosevelt. Vol. VI. P.45.

    {24} .Frank Murphy Papers. Box 15. John Dingel to Murphy. November 4, 1936.

    {25} LC.John P.Frey Papers. Box 12. Folder: Notes and Memoranda (2).

    {26} Ibid. Box 8. Frey to Thomas J.Donnelly. September 12, 1932.

    {27} Piven F.F., Cloward R.A.Op. cit. P. 76, 77; Rosenzweig R.Radicals and the Jobless: The Musteites and the Unemployed Leagues, 19321936 // Labor History. Vol. 16. 1. 1975. . 63, 72.

    {28} Historical Statistics of the United States. Colonial Times to 1957. P. 99.

    {29} Levinson E.Labor on the March. N.Y., 1956; Zieger R.The CIO, 19351955. Chapel Hill, 1995; Cohen E.Making a New Deal. Industrial Workers in Chicago, 19191939. Cambr., 1990; Faue E.Community of Suffering and Struggle. Women, Men and Labor Movement in Minneapolis, 19151933. Chapel Hill, 1991.

    {30} Bernstein I.The Lean Years. A History of the American Worker, 19201933. Boston, 1970. P. 148151; Bernstein I.Turbulent Years. A History of the American Worker, 19331941. Boston, 1970. P. 478, 479.

    {31} .:Halpern R.Down on the Killing Floor. Black and White Workers in Chicagos Packinghouses, 19041954. Urbana, 1997; Horowitz R.Negro and White, United and Fight. Social History of Industrial Unionism in Meatpacking, 19001930. Urbana, 1997.

    {32} Wayne State University. Labor History Archives. H.Kraus Collection. Box 3. To the Offices and Members. United Automobile Workers Federal Labor Unions Affiliated with the AFL.

    {33} Bernstein I.The New Deal Collective Bargaining Policy. Berkeley, 1950. P. 143, 144.

    {34} Troy L.Trade Union Membership 18971962. N.Y., 1965. Appendix 127.

    {35} Karson M., Radosh R.The American Federation of Labor and the Negro Worker, 18941949 // The Negro and the American Labor Movement. Ed. by J.Jacobson. Garden City (N.Y.), 1968. P. 162170.

    {36} Student Outlook. Vol. I. 4 (March 1933). P. 15.

    {37} .: Labor History. Vol. 40, 2 (May) 1999. P. 189; McCartin J.Labors Great War. Chapel Hill, 1998.

    {38} Wayne State University. Labor History Archives. H.Kraus Collection. Box 2. AFLDetroit Office-Manuscript. Organize Efforts of Various Groups in Auto Industry. July, 1934.

    {39} DeCaux L.Labor Radical: From the Wobblies to the CIO, a Personal History. Boston, 1970.

    {40} The CIOs Left-Led Unions / Ed. by Rosswurm S.New Brunswick, 1992. : - 1936. . (Keeran R.The Communist Party and the Auto Workers Unions. Bloomington, 1980).

    {41} Workers Alliance, January 1936. Vol. I. 9. March 1, 1936; Piven F.F., Cloward R.A.Op. cit. P. 75.

    {42} Walsh R. CIO:Industrial Unionism in Action. N. Y., 1937.

    {43} Harris H.Labors Civil War. N.Y., 1940. P. 3132.

    {44} Wechsler J. A.Labor Baron. A Portrait of John Lewis. N.Y., 1944. P. 69.

    {45} Fine S.Sit-Down. The Great General Motors Strike of 19361937. Ann Arbor, 1969. P. 331.

    {46} Detroit Free Press. January 7, 1937.

    {47} United Automobile Workers. February 13, 1937.

    {48} .: Piven F.F., Cloward R.A.Op. cit. P. 96180.

    {49} Workers Alliance. January 1936. Vol. I. 9.

    {50} Ibid. March 1, 1936.

    {51} Ibid. April 1936. Vol. 1. 13.

    {52} . Halpern R.Organized Labor, Black Workers and the Twentieth Century South. The Emerging Revision // Social History, 19 (1994). P. 372381.

    {53} Wayne State University. Labor History Archives. H.Kraus Collection. Box 11. Hudson News. Vol. 1. 6. April 10, 1937.

    {54} AFLProceedings, 1932. . 374; Ibid. 1933. . 152, 453; Ibid. 1935. . 290, 773; Brooks R.R.When Labor Organizes. New Haven, 1937. P301.

    {55} Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, 10th Annual Convention. Proceedings. 1934. P. 396.

    {56} WSHSL. AFLPapers. W.Green Papers 19341936. Historical File. Box 1.

    {57} Labor History. Vol. 17. 2. 1976. . 181.

    {58} .: H. . 30- XX. M., 1966. . 211.

    {59} .: .. . . M., 1973. . 89.

    {60} Committee for Industrial Organization. The Program of the CIO.Wash., 1937. P. 50, 56.

    {61} Rosen S.M.The CIOEra, 19351955. The Negro and the American Labor Movement. P. 189.

    {62} .. , 19331939. M., 1969.

    {63} Daily Worker. September 30; October 2, 1933.

    {64} Foster W. Z.History of the Communist Party of the United States. N.Y., 1952. P. 379.

    {65} Advance. March 1934. P. 3.

    {66} Ibid. April 1935. P. 3.

    {67} Daily Worker. October 1, 1934.

    {68} Fight. August 1937. P. 7, 27.

    {69} Ibid. January 1937. . 27, 28; March 1937. P. 27; April 1937. P. 27, 28.

    {70} Taylor B.H., Witney P.Unionism in the American Society // Labor Law Journal. Vol. 18. 5. 1967. . 301.

    {71} Burton R.E.Democrats of Oregon. The Pattern of Minority Politics, 19001956. Eugene, 1970. P. 71, 75; Shover J.L.Cornbelt Rebellion. The Farmers Holiday Association. Urbana, 1965. P. 96.

    {72} Agricultural History. April 1968. P. 127.

    {73} McCoy D.R.Angry Voices: Left-of-Center Politics in the New Deal Era. Lawrence (Kansas), 1958. P. 6185.

    {74} Ibid. P. 47, 48.

    IV

    {1} .: . ., 1999. . 129.

    {2} LC.Louis Freeland Post Papers. Box 1. William J.Brayn to Post. November 12, 1904.

    {3} Griffith R.Old Progressives and the Cold War // The Journal of American History. September 1979. P. 336.

    {4} LC.Louis Freeland Post Papers. Box 1. Post to William J.Brayn. November 8, 1908.

    {5} Perkins F.The Roosevelt I Knew. N. Y., 1946. P. 31, 325; Leuchtenburg W.E.Franklin D.Roosevelt and the New Deal 19321940. N.Y., 1963. P. 32

    {6} FDRL. S.Rosenman Papers. General Correspondence. Box 2. Rosenman to L.Howe. January 27, 1932.

    {7} Faber D.The Life of Lorena Hickok. E. R.s Friend. N.Y., 1980. P. 137152.

    {8} FDRL. L.Hickok Papers. Box 11. Hickok to H. L.Hopkins. August 31 September 3, 1933.

    {9} LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 78. Walter Lippman to Frankfurter. September 14, 1932. , . , , , , , (Ibid. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 74. Harold Laski to Frankfurter. October 29, 1932).

    {10} Ibid. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 78. Frankfurter to W.Lippman. October 13, 1932.

    {11} Ibid. Box 150. Frances Perkins to Frankfurter. March 22, 1933.

    {12} Josephson M.Sidney Hillman. Statesman of American Labor. Garden City, 1952. P. 360, 361.

    {13} Ibid. P. 362.

    {14} , , , , (NYPL. N.Thomas Papers. Box 3. Ernest Gruening to Thomas. March 9, 1933).

    {15} Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 509.

    {16} Goldstein .J.Political Repression in Modern America from 1870to the Present. Cambr., 1978. P. 213216.

    {17} Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 510512.

    {18} FDRL. L.Hickok Papers. Box 11. Hickok to H.L.Hopkins. April 8, 1934.

    {19} Johnson J.P.Drafting the NRACode of Fair Competition for the Bituminous Coal Industry // Journal of American History. December 1966. P. 357.

    {20} MHC.Frank Murphy Papers. Box 15. E. C.Jouston to 0. G.Olander. January 5, 1937; 0. G.Olander to Murphy. January 12, 1937; J.S.Bersey to Murphy. January 12, 1937; Box 16. A.H.Vandenberg to Murphy. February 15, 1937; H..Pratt to Murphy. February 20, 1937; Box 17. W.L.Smith to Murphy. March 17, 1937; Mchugh to Murphy. March 24, 1937; .E.Hutchinson to Murphy. June 16, 1937.

    {21} Ibid. Box 17. Murphy to P.H.Callahan. May 25, 1937.

    {22} Ibid. Box 16. Franklin Delano Roosevelt to Murphy. February 11, 1937; F.Perkins to Murphy. February 11, 1937.

    {23} : . Taft Ph. The A.F. of L. from the Death of Gompers to the Merger. N. Y., 1959. P. 45; Burns J.M.Roosevelt: The Lion and the Fox. N.Y., 1956. P. 217, 218. ., , , , - . , , , (FDRL. S.Rosenman Papers. Box 7. Rosenman to Jay J.M.Scandrett. July25, 1950).

    {24} LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 150. Charles E.Wysanski, Jr. to Frankfurter. September 13, 1933.

    {25} NYSSILRL.International Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers (L.McLenegan Papers). L.McLenegan to Ch.Whiteley. April 23, 1934; NA.General Records of the Department of Labor. 167/2505167/2585. Box 162. R. B.Stuart to F.Perkins. November 20, 1933, etc.

    {26} Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D.Roosevelt. Vol. I. P. 301.

    {27} Brody D.Workers in Industrial America. Essays on the Twentieth Century Struggle. N.Y., 1981. P. 145, 146.

    {28} Huthmacher J. J.Senator Robert F.Wagner and the Rise of Urban Liberalism. N.Y., 1968. P. 166.

    {29} Ibid. P. 147.

    {30} Fine S.President Roosevelt and the Automobile Code // Mississippi Valley Historical Review. Vol. XLV. 1 (June 1958). P. 25.

    {31} Ibid. P. 26.

    {32} Ibid. P. 50.

    {33} FDRL. A.Williams Papers. Box 4. Harry L.Hopkins to Franklin D.Roosevelt. September 11, 1935.

    {34} Koeniger ..The New Deal and the States: Roosevelt versus the Byrd Organization in Virginia // Journal of American History. Vol. 68. 4. March 1982. P. 876896.

    {35} Schlesinger A.M.Jr. The Crisis of the Old Order, 19191933. Melbourne L. Toronto, 1957. P. 468470; Graham 0. Toward a Planned Society. N.Y., 1976; Freidel F.Launching the New Deal. Boston, 1973.

    {36} LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 74. Robert M.La Follette, Jr. to Frankfurter. April 4, 1933; Box 150. Frankfurter to Frances Perkins. April 4, May 2, 1933.

    {37} Principal Speeches of Harry L.Hopkins, Works Progress Administrator. Address of Harry L.Hopkins at Babson Institute. April 12, 1937.

    {38} Schlesinger A.M.Jr. The Coming of the New Deal. L.; Melbourne; Toronto, 1960. P. 262.

    {39} FDRL. L.Hickok Papers. Box 11. Hickok to H.L.Hopkins. April 11. 1934.

    {40} Brewer W.W.Along the American Way. The New Deals Work Relief Programs for the Unemployed // Journal of American History. June, 1975. P. 642, 643.

    {41} , , , (FDRL. .Williams s. 5. Williams to Mrs. Isaac P.Witter. tb 1, 1934).

    {42} Tacoma News Tribune. September 17, 1938.

    {43} LC. H.Ickes Papers. Box 161. Ickes to Hiram W.Johnson. September 21, 1935. , , . , , , (FDRL.Personal Letters in the Papers of Harry L.Hopkins, 19301946. Roll 17. What Price Recovery).

    {44} Karl B.D.Executive Reorganization and Reform in the New Deal. Cambridge, 1963; Idem. Charles E.Merriam and the Study of Politics. Chicago, 1974.

    {45} MHC. F.Murphy Papers. Box 19. Franklin D.Roosevelt to Murphy. March15, 1938.

    {46} LC. H.Ickes Papers. Box 160. Ickes to Chester A.Braman. January 22, 1940.

    {47} , ; , , (New D1 saic: Roosevelt with his National Emergence Council, 19331936. Eugene (Oregon), 1963. . 449).

    {48} Huthmacher J.J.Op. cit. P. 175176; LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 49. Thomas G.Corcoran to Frankfurter. June 18, 1934.

    {49} Roosevelt and Daniels. A Friendship in Politics. P. 156.

    {50} Perkins F.Op. cit. P. 239. . : Brody D.Op. cit. P. 144.

    {51} NYPL. N.Thomas Papers. Box 8. Robert F.Wagner to Thomas. April 1, 1935.

    {52} Huthmacher J.J.Op. cit. P. 197.

    {53} Tugwell R.G.The Democratic Roosevelt. Garden City, 1957. P. 341.

    {54} Leuchtenburg W.E.Op. cit. P. 151.

    {55} WSHSL. R.Robins Papers. Box 27. H. L.Ickes to Robins. August 19, 1933. ; - ., . 1938. , , (. .M.), , , , , , (), (NYCity Archives. F.H.La Guardia Personal File, Location 2675. LaGuardia to E.M.Elciott. April 4, 1938).

    {56} FDRL. L.Hickok Papers. Box 11. Hickok to H.L.Hopkins. June 1, 1934; Hickok to A.Williams. August 15, 1934.

    {57} FDRL. L.Hickok Papers. Box 11. Hickok to H.L.Hopkins. October 10, 1935.

    {58} FDRL. A.Williams Papers. Box 2. E.C.Lindeman to Williams. March 26, 1937; Box 4. Williams to Eleanor Roosevelt. August 18, 1939; Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Confidential Political File. 19381940. Box 120. Samuel C.Cleland to Daniel C.Roper. November 14, 1938; .. // . 1980. M., 1981. . 83, 84.

    {59} Roosevelt and Frankfurter. Their Correspondence 19281945. Boston Toronto, 1967. P. 235; Kennedy D.M.Freedom from Fear. The American People in Depression and War 19291945. N.Y., 1999. P. 242.

    {60} Huthmacher J.J.Op. cit. P. 213216.

    {61} Ibid. P. 238243.

    {62} NYPL. F.La Guardia Papers 1939 (Good-Gray). Frank Gannett to F.La Guardia. March 4, 1939; Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 611.

    {63} Roosevelt and Frankfurter. P. 344.

    {64} LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 109. Robert F.Wagner to Frankfurter. June 25, 1937.

    {65} . 1937. , , -, , , , , , (FDRL. A.Williams s. 5. Address by Secretary Walles before Economic Club of NewYork. Febu 3, 1937).

    {66} Montgomery D.Workers Control in America. Studies in the History of Work, Technology and Labor Struggles. L.N.Y., 1979. P. 164.

    {67} LC.John P.Frey Papers. Box 12. Folder: Notes and Memoranda (2).

    {68} Taft Ph. Op. cit. P. 305.

    {69} Josephson M.Op. cit. P. 401403.

    {70} Wayne State University. Labor History Archives. Oral History. Interview of Len DeCaux. P. 45.

    {71} Committees for Industrial Organization. The Program of the CIO. P.12,13.

    {72} New Deal Mosaic. P. 496.

    {73} Peoples Press. 1936. 31.X.

    {74} FDRL. A.Williams Papers. Box 4. H.L.Hopkins to FDR.September 11, 1935; FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Confidential Political File, 19381940. Box 121; .Sperling to James A.Farley. November 4, 1937.

    {75} ILGWU.Proceedings, 1937. P. 301; The Flint Weekly Review. January 8, 1937. P. 8.

    {76} Wayne State University. Labor History Archives. H.Kraus Collection. Box 6. Radio Broadcast, Mr. Arthur Green. July 4, 1936.

    {77} Ibid. The Walter P.Reuther Papers. Document: New America and Labor (1938?).

    {78} , , , . - , .. (. FDRL.Papers of L.Hopkins, Confidential Political File, 19381940. 121. Frank Tierney to Hopkins. October 2, 1939; Tierney to L.Mellett. October 3, 1939).

    {79} FDRL. A.Williams Papers. Box 4. Franklin D.Roosevelt to Harry Hopkins and Williams. May 17, 1938.

    {80} Douglas P.H., Hackman J.The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 // Political Science Quarterly. December, 1938. P. 492.

    {81} Ibid. P. 511.

    {82} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Confidential Political File, 19381940. Box 120. W.Evjue to James A.Farley. December 12, 1938.

    {83} , , . , , , , . , ( ) . 1943.: , , , (FDRL. S.Rosenman Papers. 1, General Correspondence, Chester Bowles to Rosenman. December 23, 1943).

    {84} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Confidential Political Pile, 19381940. Box 120. Memoranda. May 28, 1939.

    {85} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Confidential Political File, 19381940. Box 120. Hopkins to L.Moore. November 18, 1940; LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 74. Frankfurter to H.Laski. November 27, 1940.

    {86} Bruno R.Everyday Constructions of Culture and Class: The Case of Youngstown Steelworkers // Labor History. Vol. 40, 2, 1999. . 143.

    {87} . . ., 1993. . 251.

    V

    {1} Harper J.L.American Visions of Europe: Franklin D.Roosevelt, George F.Kennan, and Dean G.Acheson. Cambr., 1994. P. 12.

    {2} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 19321945. N.Y., 1979. . 29.

    {3} .: :  4. . 3. . 297, 298.

    {4} . . . 298.

    {5} . . Ѡ307.

    {6} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy P. 148. , , , 1969., . , (Devine R.A.Roosevelt and World War II.Baltimore, 1969. Ch. I).

    {7} New York Public Library. N.Thomas Papers. F.D.Roosevelt to Thomas. December 25, 1937.

    {8} H.. 30- // . 1984. M., 1984. . 120; Smith G.Forty Months. Franklin D.Roosevelt as War Leader 19411945 // Prologue. Vol. 26. 3. Fall 1994. P. 131139.

    {9} Nawyn W.American Protestantisms Response to Germanys Jews and Refugees, 19331941. Ann Arbor, 1981; Guinsburg Th.N.The Pursuit of Isolationism in the United States Senate from Versailles to Pearl Harbor. N.Y., 1982; Kanawada L.K.Jr. Franklin D.Roosevelt Diplomacy and American Catholics, Italians and Jews. Ann Arbor, 1982.

    {10} Miller A.D.Search for Security: Saudi Arabian Oil and American Foreign Policy, 19391949. Chapel Hill, 1980; Anderson I.H.Aramco, the United States, and Saudi Arabia. A Study of the Dynamics of Foreign Oil Policy, 19331950. Princeton, 1981. , , , , , , . , , , , (Grow M.The Good Neighbour Policy and Authoritarianism in Paraguay: United States Economic Expansion and Great Powers Rivalry in Latin America during World War II.Lawrence, 1981).

    {11} Jacobs ..America and the Winter War, 19391940. N.Y., 1981; Reynolds D.The Creation of the Anglo-American Alliance, 19371941: A Study in Competitive Co-operation. Chapel Hill, 1982.

    {12} Gaddis J.L.Strategies of Containment. A Critical Appraisal of Postwar American National Security Policy. N.Y. Oxford, 1982. P. 6.

    {13} Gaddis J.L.The United States and the Origins of the Cold War, 19411947. N.Y.L., 1972; Heinrichs W. FDRand the Entry into World War II // Prologue. Vol. 26. 3. Fall 1994. P. 121.

    {14} The Past before US.Contemporary Historical Writing in the United States. Ed. by Michael Kammen. Ithaca; L., 1980. P. 370.

    {15} Kinsella W.E., Jr. Leadership in Isolation: FDRand the Origins of the Second World War. Cambridge, 1978.

    {16} Journal of American History. Vol. 66. 3. December, 1979. P. 703.

    {17} Ibid. Vol. 67. 4. March 1981. . 954, 955.

    {18} MacDonald C.A.The United States, Britain and Appeasement, 19361939. N.Y., 1981.

    {19} . : .. // . M., 1982. . 206220.

    {20} .E., .. . M., 1960. . 158162; E.H., .., .. . M., 1983. . 3040.

    {21} .: .. // / . ... ., 1991 .

    {22} ., .. . 3. . 500.

    {23} Offner A.A.American Appeasement. United States Foreign Policy and Germany, 19331938. N.Y., 1976. P. 279, 280. , , , , , , , , , , (Ibid. P. 277).

    {24} Offner A.A. FDRRemembered: Statesman of Peaceful Means // OAHNewsletter. Vol. II. 2. May, 1983. P. 2325.

    {25} LC.Norman H.Davis Papers. Box 51. F.Roosevelt to J.Ramsay MacDonald. August 30, 1933.

    {26} Ibid. F.Roosevelt to Davis. August 30, 1933.

    {27} Dallek R.Democrat and Diplomat. The Life of William E.Dodd. N.Y., 1968. P. 195.

    {28} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 42. W.Phillips to Dodd. November 27, 1933.

    {29} Ibid. Dodd to Franklin D.Roosevelt. October 28, 1933.

    {30} Ibid.

    {31} Ibid. Franklin D.Roosevelt to Dodd. November 13, 1933.

    {32} Dodd W.E.Ambassador Dodds Diary 19331939. Ed. by W.E.Dodd Jr. and H.Dodd. N.Y., 1941. P. 63, 64.

    {33} .. , 1933., .

    {34} FRUS. 1933. Vol. I. P. 330332.

    {35} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 42. Dodd to W.Phillips. December 14, 1933.

    {36} Dallek R.Democrat and Diplomat. P. 218, 219.

    {37} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 42. R.Moore to Dodd. December 26, 1933.

    {38} Ibid. Box 45. W.Phillips to Dodd. July 6, 1934.

    {39} Ibid. W.Phillips to Dodd. August 16, 1934.

    {40} Ibid. Dodd to Franklin D.Roosevelt. August 15, 1934.

    {41} Ibid. Dodd to Daniel Roper. August 14, 1934. , 1934., : , . . (Ibid. Box 44. Dodd to D.MacArthur. August 27, 1934).

    {42} .. , 19331939. ., 1959. . 83.

    {43} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 44. Dodd to C.Hull. August 30, 1934.

    {44} Harper J.L.American Visions of Europe. P. 52.

    {45} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 44. Franklin D.Roosevelt to Dodd. August 25, 1934.

    {46} Ibid. Dodd to C.Hull. September 19, 1934.

    {47} Ibid. Box 44. Dodd to E.M House. October 19, 1934.

    {48} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 47. Franklin D.Roosevelt. to Dodd. February2, 1935.

    {49} FDR:His Personal Letters. Vol. I. P. 475.

    {50} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 47. Dodd to R.Walton Moore. March 21, 1935.

    {51} Ibid. Box 47. Dodd to R.Walton Moore. June 27, 1935.

    {52} Ibid. Dodd to R.Walton Moore. March 21, 1935.

    {53} Ibid. Box 49. Dodd to R.Walton Moore. January 2, 1936.

    {54} Ibid. Box 47. R.Walton Moore to Dodd. April 22, 1935.

    {55} Ibid. Box 49. R.Walton Moore to Dodd. January 13, 1936.

    {56} Ibid. Box 45. Josephus Daniels to Dodd. September 19, 1935.

    {57} Ibid. Box 47. Franklin D.Roosevelt to Dodd. December 2, 1935.

    {58} Ibid. Dodd to Franklin D.Roosevelt. December 15, 1935.

    {59} Dallek R.Democrat and Diplomat. P. 274, 275.

    {60} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 49. R.Walton Moore to Dodd. April 1, 1936; .Long to Dodd. April 1936.

    {61} Ibid. Dodd to Franklin D.Roosevelt. April 1, 1936.

    {62} Ibid. Dodd to H.Ickes. August 21, 1936.

    {63} Ibid. Dodd to R.Walton Moore. August 31, 1936.

    {64} Ibid. R.Walton Moore to Dodd. August 31, 1936.

    {65} Ibid. Dodd to C.Hull. September 19, 1936; C.Hull to Dodd. October 2, 1936.

    {66} . : ... . . 163169.

    {67} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 49. Dodd to Franklin D.Roosevelt. December7, 1936.

    {68} Ibid. Box 51. Dodd to Franklin D.Roosevelt. February 27, 1937.

    {69} Ibid. Dodd to C.Hull. June 21, 24. 1937.

    {70} Ibid. Dodd to E.Phipps. July 1, 1937.

    {71} Dallek R.Democrat and Diplomat. P. 310.

    {72} Ibid. P. 310, 311.

    {73} Ibidem.

    {74} Bullitt O.H. (ed.). For the President. Personal and Secret. Correspondence Between Franklin D.Roosevelt and William C.Bullitt. Boston, 1972. P.235237.

    {75} Ibid. P. 262, 263.

    VI

    {1} The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D.Roosevelt. Vol. XIII. P.342354.

    {2} .: . . IXXI. ., 19571977; . IX. . 26, 312, 313; . 1939. . XXII.. 12. ., 1992; . 1940., 22 1941. . XXIII.. 1. ., 1995; . 2. ., 1998.

    {3} Maddox R.J.William E.Borah and American Foreign Policy. Baton Rouge, 1969. P. 190.

    {4} , , . 1933.: , . , , , , . , , , , . , , . . , (LC. W.Borah Papers. 371. Dorothy Detzer to U.Grant-Smith. April12, 1933).

    {5} Williams W.A.American-Russian Relations, 17811947. N.Y. Toronto, 1952.

    {6} .: .. . . . 40. . 145, 147, 152.

    {7} .: . . III. . 84.

    {8} Williams W.A.Op. cit. P. 225; .. ( ). ., 1965. . 179.

    {9} . : Meacham J.Franklin and Winston. AnIntimate Portrait of Epic Friendship. N.Y., 2003. P. 37.

    {10} Filene P.G.Americans and the Soviet Experiment, 19171933. Cambr., 1967. P. 195.

    {11} Wilson E.Travels in Two Democracies. N.Y., 1936. P. 320, 321.

    {12} Maddux Th.R.Years of Estrangement. American Relations with the Soviet Union. 19331941. Tallahassee, 1980. P. 9.

    {13} . . 20- , , , , . . .

    {14} Maddux Th.R.Years of Estrangement. . 9.

    {15} LC. W.Borah Papers. Box 371. Jerome Davis to Borah. February 13, 1933.

    {16} Journal of Commerce. March 2, 1933.

    {17} Literary Digest. March 18, 1933.

    {18} Maddux Th.R.Op. cit. P. 11.

    {19} LC. W.Borah Papers. Box 371. Borah to A.Wunstorff. January 27, 1933.

    {20} LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 147. Frankfurter to Joseph E.Davis. February 25, 1933; LC. W.Borah Papers. Box 371. Jerome Davis to Borah. March 20, 1933.

    {21} WSHSL. R.Robins Papers. Box 25. Robins to ( ). March 17, 1933.

    {22} LC.W.Borah Papers. Box 401. R.Robins to Borah. October 31, 1933.

    {23} DeSantis H.The Diplomacy of Silence: The American Foreign Service, the Soviet Union and the Cold War, 19331947. Chicago, 1980.

    {24} LC. W.Borah Papers. Box 401. R.Robins to Borah. October 31, 1933.

    {25} Ibidem.

    {26} Ibidem; WSHSL. R.Robins Papers. Box 25. Robins to Jane Addams. August 26, 1933.

    {27} LC. W.Borah Papers. Box 401. R.Robins to Borah. October 31, 1933.

    {28} .. 17 1933. : . , , . . ( . . XV. . 576).

    {29} .. .. 1933. // . 1994. 3. . 148175.

    {30} . . XVI. . 609, 610.

    {31} . . 621.

    {32} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 8081; Soviet Diplomacy and Negotiating Behaviour: Emerging New Context for U.S.Diplomacy. Vol. I.Wash., 1979. P. 7778.

    {33} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 75.

    {34} Ibid. P. 77; Offner A.A.American Appeasement. United States Foreign Policy and Germany. P. 279.

    {35} FDRL. PSF.Box 67. W.Bullitt to Secretary of State. April 22, 1934 ( : Bullitt .. (ed.). For The President: Personal and Secret. Correspondence between Franklin D.Roosevelt and William C.Bullitt. Boston, 1972; W.Bullitt to Franklin D.Roosevelt. August 5, 1934; W.Bullitt to C.Hull. October 2, 1934 ( ); W.Bullitt to Franklin D.Roosevelt. April 78, 1935.

    {36} . . XVI. . 658.

    {37} . . . 659.

    {38} . . 675.

    {39} . . . 641, 642644, 654.

    {40} .: Farnsworth B.William Bullitt and the Soviet Union. Bloomington, 1967.

    {41} FDRL. PSF.Box 67. W.Bullitt to Roosevelt. January 1, 1934.

    {42} Ibidem.

    {43} .: . . XVI. . 758.

    {44} For the President: Personal and Secret. P. 6173; FRUS.Diplomatic Papers. The Soviet Union 19331939. Wash., 1952. P. 5562.

    {45} FDRL. PSF.Box 67. W.Bullitt to Secretary of State. April 22, 1934.

    {46} Ibid. W.Bullitt to Franklin D.Roosevelt. August 5, 1934.

    {47} .: . . , 1973. . 36.

    {48} For the President: Personal and Secret. Op. cit. P. 71.

    {49} Seeley G.Mudd Library. George Frost Kennan Papers. Box 31. Kennan to Jacqueline S.Mithun. 15 December, 1964.

    {50} FDRL. PSF.Box 67. W.Bullitt to C.Hull. October 2, 1934.

    {51} .: 3. . . ., 1976. .208.

    {52} FDRL. PSF.Box 67. W.Bullitt to Franklin D.Roosevelt. April 7, 1935; W.Bullitt to Franklin D.Roosevelt. April 8, 1935.

    {53} For the President: Personal and Secret. P. 103106.

    {54} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 43. Josephus Daniels to Dodd. October 16, 1934.

    {55} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 3. Diary. August 25, 1936.

    {56} Ibid. Diary. August 28, 1936.

    {57} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 3. Memorandum. February 1, 1937; Box4. Memorandum of a Conversation between the Ambassador and a Soviet Official. March 24, 1937.

    {58} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 4. Diary. February 16, 1937.

    {59} Ibid. Box 3. Davies to R.Walton Moore. February 5, 1937; Box 4. Davies to C.Hull. March 15, 1937; Davies to Marvin Mclntyre. March 15, 1937.

    {60} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 4. Diary. March 24, 1937 (Coulandre).

    {61} Ibid. Diary. March 24, 1937 (Conffered with Lord Chilston).

    {62} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 5. Davies to Stephen Early. July 4, 1937.

    {63} Ibid. Box 6. Journal. November 11, 1937.

    {64} Ibid. Box 7. Davies to Samner Welles. March 1, 1938.

    {65} Ibid. Davies to Key Pittman. March 26, 1938.

    {66} .: 3... . . 287289; .. . ., 1979. . 162.

    {67} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 7. Diary. March 30, 1938.

    {68} . Harper J.L.Op. cit. P. 53.

    {69} Davies J.E.Mission to Moscow. L., 1942. P. 195202.

    {70} FDRL.Presidents Personal File. Folder 1381. Joseph E.Davies to Marvin H.McIntyre. April 4, 1938; LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 7. Davies to Marvin H.McIntyre. April 4, 1938.

    {71} Davies J.E.Op. cit. P. 201.

    {72} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 9. Davies to Lord Davies. October 29, 1938.

    {73} FDRL. PSF.Folder 1381. Joseph F.Davies to Marvin H.McIntyre. July10, 1937.

    {74} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 5. Importance of Industry to Defence. July 28, 1937.

    {75} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 9. Davies to Milliard Tydings. September 15, 1938.

    {76} Ibid. Davies to H.McIntyre. September 20, 1938; Seeley A.Mudd Library. Armstrong Hamilton Fish Papers. Box 8. Armstrong to Franklin D.Roosevelt. April 20, 1939.

    {77} FDRL.Harry L.Hopkins Papers. Box 190. Folder: Eastern European Branch. Vol. 2. (10 Febr.20 Dec. 1938). G-2 Report. Subject: Foreign Affairs General. Central European Crisis ( 1973.).

    {78} ... . // . . 215.

    {79} , 19371939. ., 1979. .337.

    {80} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 9. Davies to Stephen T.Early. October7, 1938.

    {81} .: .. . . 143.

    {82} .: . . 81.

    {83} Roosevelt F.D.Development of U.S.Foreign Policy Addressess and Messages of FDR.Wash., 1942. P. 33.

    {84} LC.Joseph E.Davies, Papers. Box 9. Davies to Steve Early. March 29, 1939.

    {85} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 56. Dodd to de los Rios. March 29, 1939.

    {86} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 183.

    {87} . . 260261; Carley M.J.The Alliance That Never Was and the Coming of the World War II.Chicago, 1999. P. 82.

    {88} .: New York Times, March 19, 1939. P. E3; March 31, 1939. P. 1; April1, 1939. P. 1; April 3, 1939. P. 14.

    {89} Carley M.J.Op. cit. P. 179212; .., .., ... . . 5166; . . ., 1995. . 5157.

    {90} Georgetown University Library. Robert E.Kelley Papers. Box 3. Folder 11a. Samuel N.Harper. A Sixth Visit to the Soviet Union. July 26, 1939.

    {91} .: . . 461,463.

    {92} LC.Harold L.Ickes Papers. Box 162. Ickes to Raymond Robins. July 5, 1939.

    {93} . . 06, . 1, . 20, . 214, . 56, 173; . . 478.

    {94} LC.Laurence A.Steinhardt Papers. Box 27. S.Welles to Steinhardt. August 4, 1939.

    {95} Ibid. William Bullitt to Steinhardt. August 12, 1939.

    {96} . . 604.

    {97} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 12. Memorandum. Diary Entry Dictated by Joseph Davies on October 16. Immediately upon his return from the White House.

    {98} .: - 19411945. . 2. ., 1983. . 424425.

    {99} Tucker R.C.Politics as Leadership. Columbia London, 1981. P. 152.

    VII

    {1} .: . ., 1999. . 236.

    {2} MacLean E.K.Joseph E.Davis and Soviet-American Relations, 19411943 // Diplomatic History. Fall 1991. vol. 73. 3. P. 74

    {3} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Chronological File. Box 9. Davies to Lord Davies. October 29, 1938.

    {4} WSHSL. R.Robins Papers. Box 28. Robins to Mary E.Dreier. October 14, 1938.

    {5} LC. W.Dodd Papers. Box 55. J.Daniels to W.Dodd. November 25, 1938.

    {6} Fielding G.Eliot. The Military Consequences of Munich // Foreign Policy Reports. 1938. December 15. P. 227.

    {7} LC. W.E.Dodd Papers. Box 56. R.Wolton Moore to Dodd. November 8, 1938.

    {8} The Washington Daily News. 1939. January 30.

    {9} SML.Hamilton Fish Armstrong Papers. Box 45. Henry L.Stimson to Cordell Hull. January 18, 1939.

    {10} .: Davies J.E.Mission to Moscow. L., 1942. P. 276.

    {11} LC. J.E.Davies Papers. Chronological File. Box 9. Davies to Franklin Roosevelt. January 18, 1939.

    {12} HI.Stanley K.Hornbeck Papers. Box 459. Hornbeck to S.Welles. January6, 1939.

    {13} HI.Stanley K.Hornbeck Papers. Box 459. Hornbeck to C.Hall. January28, 1939.

    {14} HI.Stanley K.Hornbeck Papers. Box 459. Hornbeck to Joseph C.Grew. February 13, 1939.

    {15} HI.Stanley K.Hornbeck Papers. Box 459. Memorandum. February 18, 1939.

    {16} .: Fielding G.Eliot. Defending America // Foreign Policy Association. World Affairs Pamphlets. 1939. 4, March. P. 11.

    {17} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 9. Davies to Millard Tydings. March 9, 1939.

    {18} LC.Harold L.Ickes Papers. Box 162. Ickes to Raymond Robins. March 17, 1939.

    {19} HI.Stanley K.Hornbeck Papers. Box 459. March 18, 1939.

    {20} .: . 1999. 8. . 83.

    {21} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Chronological File. Box 9. Davies to Millard Tydings. March 27, 1939.

    {22} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Chronological File. Box 9. Davies to Steve Early. March 29, 1939.

    {23} .: Davies J.E.Mission to Moscow. P. 281.

    {24} 15 1015 . , , , . 19 . : , , ( ), , , , (, ..) (.:HI.Stanley Hornbeck Papers. Box 459. April 19, 1939).

    {25} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Chronological File. Box 10. Memorandum enclosed in the letter to be given to President. April 18, 1939.

    {26} Ibidem.

    {27} . Foreign Relations of the United States. 1939. Vol. 1. Wash., 1956. P. 23.

    {28} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 10. Davies to S.Early. September 11, 1939.

    {29} LC.Breckenridge Long Papers. Box 5. Diaries. September 2, 1939.

    {30} Roosevelt E.This I Remember. N.Y., 1949. P. 182, 183.

    {31} Davies J.E.Mission to Moscow. P. 287.

    {32} LC.Raymond Clapper Papers. Box 224. Clapper to Loy Henderson. May5, 1939.

    {33} LC.Harold L.Ickes Papers. Box 162. Raymond Robins to Ickes. June 18, 1939.

    {34} Yale University Library. Henry L.Stimson Diaries. Reel 6. July 5, 1939.

    {35} LC.Harold L.Ickes Papers. Box 162. Ickes to R.Robins. July 5, 1939.

    {36} HI.Stanley K.Hornbeck Papers. Box 454. August 24, 1939.

    {37} Ibid. Box 459. Situation in the Far East as Affected by Current Development in Europe.

    {38} .. , 19381939. ., 1992.

    {39} LC.Norman Davis Papers. Box 54. Pierrepont Moffat to Davis. August18, 1939.

    {40} Ibid. B.Long Papers. Box 5. Diaries. September 2, 1939.

    {41} LC.Raymond Clapper Papers. Box 49. Clapper to A. L. L.October 17, 1941.

    VIII

    {1} LC.Harold L.Ickes Papers. Box 162. Ickes to Raymond Robins. February16, 1937.

    {2} McElvaine R.S.Op. cit. P. 310.

    {3} Ibid. P. 311.

    {4} McJimsey G.Harry Hopkins. Ally of the Poor and Defender of Democracy. Cambr. (Mass.), 1987.

    {5} Kennedy D.M.Freedom From Fear. The American People in Depression and War, 19291945. N.Y., 1999. P. 322.

    {6} Principal Speeches. Address by Harry L.Hopkins. March 1, 1937.

    {7} Ibid. Address of Harry L.Hopkins at National Conference of Social Workers. May 27, 1937.

    {8} Charles S.F.Minister of Relief. Harry Hopkins and the Depression. Syracuse, 1963.

    {9} Public Speeches. Address of Harry L.Hopkins at National Conference of Social Workers. May 27, 1937. 1938. , , , (U.S.Congress. Senate. Work Relief and Public Works Appropriation Act of 1938. Hearings before the Committee on Appropriations. Wash., 1938. P. 152).

    {10} Public Speeches. Address of Harry L.Hopkins at Babson Institute. June12, 1937.

    {11} Ibid.

    {12} New Republic. February 26, 1936. P. 6162; December 23, 1936. . 243.

    {13} Public Speeches. Radio Address by Harry L.Hopkins (Dollars and Sense). October 9, 1936. P. 4.

    {14} Ibid. Address by Harry L.Hopkins before the United States Conference of Mayors. November 17, 1936.

    {15} New Republic. February 10, 1937.

    {16} . : .. . . 1. . 192.

    {17} Fenno R. F., Jr. The Presidents Cabinet. N.Y., 1959. P. 125.

    {18} .. . . 1. . 194.

    {19} LC. W.Borah Papers. Box 504. Raymond Robins to Borah. November 5, 1938.

    {20} WHSL.Raymond Robins Papers. Box 28. H.Ickes to Robins. August 5, 1939.

    {21} Ickes H.The Secret Diary of Harold Ickes. 3vols. N.Y., 19531954. Vol. 2. P. 317.

    {22} New Republic. May 13, 1940. P. 632.

    {23} Farley F.A.Jim Farleys Story. The Roosevelt Years. N.Y., 1948. P. 143.

    {24} Tagwell R.G.In Search of Roosevelt. P. 262; Charles S.F.Op. cit. P. 212.

    {25} Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 794.

    {26} Ibid. P. 795.

    {27} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Box 120. H.L.Hopkins Memorndum. May 28, 1939.

    {28} LC. H. L.Ickes Papers. Box 90. Grace G.Tully to Ickes. July 17, 1950.

    {29} Rosenman S.I.Working with Roosevelt. N.Y., 1952. P. 176177.

    {30} U. S.Political Parties. Vol. III. P. 1950.

    {31} Lash LP.Op. cit. P. 803.

    {32} FDRL. A.Williams Papers. Box 4. Williams to E.Roosevelt. November 11, 1939.

    {33} Adams H.H.Harry Hopkins. A Biography. N.Y., 1977. P. 149.

    {34} Baruch .M.Baruch: The Public Years. N.Y., 1960. P. 299.

    {35} . : : / . . H.H.. ., 1976. . 478.

    {36} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 189.

    {37} Adams H.H.Op. cit. P. 155.

    {38} . : Donahoe .F.Private Plans and Public Dangers. Notre Dame, 1965. P. 101.

    {39} Ibid. P. 115, 126.

    {40} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Box 121. Hopkins to Nan Wood Honeyman. June 19, 1939.

    {41} WSHSL.Raymond Robins Papers. Box 28. H.Ickes to Robins. August 5, 1939.

    {42} LC. H. L.Ickes Papers. Box 162. Raymond Robins to Ickes. July 1939.

    {43} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Box 120. John Hertz to Franklin D.Roosevelt. June 11, 1940.

    {44} Ibid. Franklin D.Roosevelt to John Hertz. June 25, 1940.

    {45} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Box 120. William 0.Douglas Memorandum to Franklin D.Roosevelt. July 2, 1940.

    {46} .: H.H. . ., 1965. . 347.

    {47} Rosenman S.L Op. cit. P. 213214.

    {48} Josephson M.Op. cit. P. 504506.

    {49} , . Ҡ 1938.: , , , , , , 腻 (LC.John P.Frey Papers. Frey to F.A.Robinett. January 13, 1938).

    {50} McElvaine R.S.Op. cit. P. 319.

    {51} . 1981. M., 1981. . 266267.

    {52} Josephson M.Op. cit. Pr 488.

    {53} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Box 121. Emmet White to Hopkins. August 14, 1940; Hopkins to White. August 14, 1940.

    {54} LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 74. Frankfurter to Harold Laski. November 27, 1940.

    IX

    {1} .: 4- . . 3 / . . ... ., 1985. . 317.

    {2} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 199.

    {3} Ibidem.

    {4} . : Meacham J.Op. cit. P. 43.

    {5} Dallek R.Franklin Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 202.

    {6} Sherwood R.E.Roosevelt and Hopkins. AnIntimate History. Vols. 2. N.Y., 1950. Vol. 1. P. 150.

    {7} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box. 12. Memorandum. October 16. 1942.

    {8} Sherwood R.E.Op. cit. Vol. 1. P. 164.

    {9} Ibid. P. 167.

    {10} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 207.

    {11} Kimball W.F.The Most Unsordid Act. Lend-Lease, 19391941. Baltimore, 1969. P. 21.

    {12} Sherwood R.E.Op. cit. Vol. 1. P. 167.

    {13} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 205206.

    {14} . . 3. . 319.

    {15} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 214.

    {16} Ibid. P. 216.

    {17} Higham Ch. Trading with the Enemy: AnExpos of the Nazi-American Money Plot 19331949. N.Y., 1983. P. 188, 189.

    {18} Ibid. P. 191.

    {19} LC. B.Long Papers. Box 5. Diaries. October 11, 1939.

    {20} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 216; Rock W.R.Chamberlain and Roosevelt: British Foreign Policy and the United States, 19371940. Columbus, 1988. P. 262, 263.

    {21} LC. B.Long Papers. Box 5. Diaries. February 9, 1940.

    {22} Ibid. March 12, 1940.

    {23} . . 48, . 24, . 3, . 8, . 99.

    {24} .. . M., 1981. . 177.

    {25} Josephson M.Op. cit. P. 481.

    {26} LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 74. Frankfurter to H.L.Laski, June 20, 1940.

    {27} FDR.His Personal Letters. Vol. II. P. 1037, 1938.

    {28} . : Sherwood R.E.Op. cit. Vol. 1. P. 175.

    {29} Ibidem.

    {30} Adams H.H.Op. cit. P. 216.

    {31} The Secret Diary of Harold L.Ickes. Vol. . P. 478.

    {32} Sherwood R. E.Op. cit. Vol. 1. P. 146.

    {33} Ibid. P. 196.

    {34} Ibidem.

    {35} Ibid. P. 224.

    {36} LC.Herbert Feis Papers. Box 12. W.C.Bullitt to Feis. August 26, 1940.

    {37} Kimball W.F.Op. cit. P. 121122.

    {38} Sherwood R.E.Op. cit. Vol. 1. P. 276.

    {39} Ibid. P. 279.

    {40} Burns J.M.Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom. N.Y., 1970. P. 60.

    {41} Davies J.E.Mission to Moscow. P. 141.

    {42} .: . . IV. M., 1975. . 166.

    {43} . . 168. 22 1941. , - 1939.

    {44} LC. L.A.Steinhardt Papers. Box 29. L.Henderson to Steinhardt. December 13, 1940.

    {45} FRUS. 1940. Vols. 5. Wash., 19551961. Vol. 3. . 107.

    {46} FDRL. . Papers. Box 145. Diaries and Related Material. March 4, 1941; Dawson R.H.The Decision to Aid Russia, 1941. Chapel Hill, 1959.

    {47} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945, MIDReport, 19351945, USSR.From: MA,Moscow, Report 1819. December 6, 1940.

    {48} LC. .Long Papers. Box 5. Diaries. February 21, 1941.

    {49} Adams H.H.Op. cit. P. 199.

    {50} Ibid. P. 202204.

    {51} Burns J.M.Op. cit. P. 77.

    {52} Ibid. P. 88, 91, 101; Adams H.H.Op. cit. P. 222.

    {53} LC. .Long Papers. Box 5. Diaries. May 12, June 4, 1941.

    {54} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 305. A.Harriman to Hopkins. June 10, 1941.

    {55} Adams H.H.Op. cit. P. 323.

    {56} Churchill W.The Second World War. Vol. III.The Grand Alliance. N.Y., 1962. P. 312, 313.

    {57} . FRUS, 1941. Vol. I.Wash., 1958. P. 712714; Hull C.Memoirs, 2vols. N.Y., 1948. P. 968969; Harvard University. Houghton Library. Robert E.Sherwood Papers. Lawrence A.Steinhardt to Sherwood. October 30, 1946; February 2, 1948. : , ( . . 483, . 24, . 2, . 8, . 156159).

    {58} Sherwood R.E.Op. cit. Vol. 1. P. 369.

    {59} . : .. (19411945). M., 1985. . 11.

    {60} .: . . IV. . 188, 198.

    {61} FDRL. 0. Papers. Box 145. Diaries and Related Material. June 22, 1941.

    {62} Ibid. June 23, 1941.

    {63} Ibidem.

    {64} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 305. H.B.Swope to Hopkins. June 23, 1941.

    {65} .. . 19411945. M., 1983. . 48.

    {66} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 305. To the Congress of the United States of America. June 27, 1941.

    {67} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 305. H.Stimson to Franklin D.Roosevelt. June 23, 1941.

    {68} Ibid. Joseph E.Davies to Hopkins. July 8, 1941.

    {69} . 1941. 12.

    {70} .: .M. . M., 1965. . 162.

    {71} . 1941. 29.

    {72} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 306. Memorandum Conference held on 31st July between Mr. Stalin, Mr. Hopkins and the Interpreter at the Kremlin in Moscow 6.30p.m. to 9.30p.m. First Draft.

    {73} FRUS, 1941. Vol. L Wash., 1958. P. 814.

    {74} . : .M. // . 1973. 1. . 96.

    {75} .: - 19411945: :  2- . . 1. M., 1984. . 8082.

    {76} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 306. Hopkins to John G.Winant. September 5, 1941. .-, , , , , , .. - (Ibid. Box 305. A.A.Berle, Jr. Memorandum for Hopkins. July 30, 1941).

    {77} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 306. Hopkins to J.Stalin. September 12, 1941.

    {78} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 11. Journal. September 8, 1941.

    {79} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. Box 1937. Hopkins to Joseph E.Davies. October 30, 1941.

    {80} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 305. Hopkins to H.Stimson. October 14, 1941.

    {81} FDRL.Papers of Harry Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 306. Memorandum prepared by Harry L.Hopkins. Case Stated in Writing on October 19th, 1941.

    {82} Ibidem.

    {83} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 306. Note.

    {84} - 19411945. . 1. . 135.

    {85} . . 139.

    {86} LC. .Long Papers. Box 5. Diaries. December 16, 1941.

    {87} Ibid. April 28, 1942.

    {88} - 19411945. . 1. . 139.

    {89} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 305. To the Russian People.

    X

    {1} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 308. Hopkins Memorandum. September 2, 1941.

    {2} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 305. Alan Barth to .. October 29, 1941.

    {3} .: :  2. 19181965. . 2. 19391965. ., 1971. . 64; . . 3. . 337.

    {4} . . 2. . 66.

    {5} . . 5283, . 14, . . 84, . 7.

    {6} Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D.Roosevelt (1941). P. 438ff.

    {7} .: ..- 19411945. ., 1964. . 117132.

    {8} - 19411945. . 1. . 224.

    {9} . . 5283, . 14, . . 185, . 1.

    {10} - 19411945. . 1. . 233.

    {11} FDRL.Harry L.Hopkins Papers. Records of Presidents Soviet Protocol Committee, 19421945. Box 18. Memorandum for the Chief of Staff. February 12, 1942.

    {12} FDRL.Harry L.Hopkins Papers. Sherwood Collection. Box 308. Hopkins to James Norman Hall. November 12, 1941.

    {13} LC. B.Long Papers. Box 5. Diaries, April 28, 1942.

    {14} .: .. . , 19391945. ., 2000. . 145155.

    {15} .. . ., 2002. . 81.

    {16} .: .. . , (19411942). ., 1997. . 207; .. (19431946.) // . 2002. 3. . 183; Shepardson D.E.Conflict and Diplomacy. From the Great War to the Cold War. N.Y., 1999. P. 181183.

    {17} - 19411945. . 1. . 160.

    {18} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 308. Hopkins Memorandum. April 9, 1942.

    {19} Ibid. War Cabinet. Defence Committee. Minutes of Meeting held 14th April 1942 (London).

    {20} .: .. . ., 1969. . 220.

    {21} FDRL.Papers of . L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 308. War Cabinet. Defence Committee. Minutes of Meeting held 14th April, 1942 (London).

    {22} .: - 19411945. . 1. . 159160.

    {23} Dallek R.Franklin Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 344.

    {24} .: .. . . 206208.

    {25} New York Times. 1942.23.VI. , . , , . . (.: Cotham ..Harry L.Hopkins. Spokesman for Franklin D.Roosevelt in Depression and War. Dissertation. Wayne State University, 1970. P. 186).

    {26} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. Box 137. Joseph E.Davies to Hopkins. June 23, 1942.

    {27} Ibid. Hopkins to Joseph E.Davies. June 25, 1942.

    {28} .., . ., 1965. .6566.

    {29} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Sherwood Collection. Box 308. Franklin D.Roosevelt to .Hopkins, G.Marschall and E.King. July 24, 1942.

    {30} . .. 22 29 1942. ( . . 059, . 1, . 412, . 3708, . 250253; . FRUS, 1942. Vol. III. P. 532).

    {31} Adams . .. cit. P. 287.

    {32} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. Box 220. Upton Sinclair to Hopkins. July 29, 1942; Hopkins to Upton Sinclair. August 13, 1942.

    {33} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. Russia Russian Convoys. Box 217. Hopkins to Franklin D.Roosevelt. September 22, 1942.

    {34} Р , 15 1942. , , , , (FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins, Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. FBIReports. Box 151. E.Hoover to Hopkins. November 18, 1942).

    {35} The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D.Roosevelt. Vol. XII. P.80.

    {36} Persico J.E.Roosevelts Secret War. FDRand World War IIEspionage. N.Y., 2002. P. 9.

    {37} . ., 1965. . 128129; The Secret War Report of the OSS / Ed. and with an Introduction by A.C.Brown. N.Y., 1976.

    {38} Kimball F.The Juggler. P. 26, 27.

    {39} . . . 2. ., 1960. . 63.

    {40} Sherwood R.E.. cit. Vol. 2. P. 251252.

    {41} . : .. . ., 1972. .566,567; .. 19411942. // . 1984. 6. . 115132.

    {42} .: .. , // . 1971. 2. . 95; .. . , 1945. ., 1975. . 5051; Hhne .Canaris. Patriot un Zweilicht. Mnchen, 1976.

    {43} FDRL. F.D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Messages to and from .L.Hopkins. Box 13. Roosevelt to Hopkins. July 25, 1942.

    {44} .: .. // . ., 1963. . 467487; .., .. . ., 1967. . 368370; Schellenberg W.The Labyrinth. The Memoirs of Walter Schellenberg. N.Y., 1956. P. 311.

    {45} .: .., ... . . 373; .. // . ., 1972. . 219.

    {46} Dalles A.The Secret Surrender. N.Y., 1966. P. 27; . . ., 1970. . 38.

    {47} LC. L.A.Steinhardt Papers. Box 37. George V.Allen to Steinhardt. March 18, 1942; National Archives of the United States ( NA). Record Group 226. OSSArchives. Entry 190. Box 474. Folder 1289. Frank Mauran to W.Donovan. May 6, 1942.

    {48} FRUS. 1943. Vol. I.Wash., 1963. P. 484.

    {49} LC. L.A.Steinhardt Papers. Box 41. A. A.Berle, Jr. to Steinhardt. May26, 1943.

    {50} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. FBIReports. Box 151. E.Hoover to Hopkins. September 29, 1943; January 29, 1944.

    {51} Casey W.J.The Secret War Against Hitler. Washington, 1988; GroseP. Operation Rollback Americas Secret War Behind the Iron Curtain. Boston New York, 2000.

    {52} The Secret War Report of the OSS. P. 295.

    {53} Ibid. P. 297300. , . .Ը , , (.: Frster U.Stalingrad. Risse im Bndniss 1942/1943. Freiburg, 1976. S. 89).

    {54} The Secret War Report of the OSS. P. 297.

    {55} LC. L.A.Steinhardt Papers. Box 38. Under Secretary of State ( ) to Steinhardt. August, 1942.

    {56} .: .. ( 1942 1943.) // . 1978. ., 1978. . 78; Farago L.The Game of the Foxes. L., 1972. P. 574, 576.

    {57} Colvin I.Master Spy. N.Y., 1951. P. 165.

    {58} ... . . 95.

    {59} .. // . ., 1984. . 233.

    {60} FDRL. F.D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Messages to and from H.Hopkins. Box 13. Folder 2. G.Earle to Hopkins. February 7, 1943.

    {61} F. von. Memoirs. L., 1952. P. 499; Farago L.Op. cit. P. 580.

    {62} FDRL. F.D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Messages to and from H.Hopkins. Box 13. L.Steinhardt to Hopkins. February 21, 1943.

    {63} The Secret War Report of the OSS. P. 256257.

    {64} FDRL. F.D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room, Message to and from H.Hopkins. Box 13. G.Earle to Hopkins. March 17, 1943. . 1943. - , (.: FRUS, 1943. Vol. I. P. 495497).

    {65} FDRL. F.D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Messages to and from H.Hopkins. Box 13. G.Earle to Hopkins. April 2, 1943.

    {66} Ibid. G.Earle to Hopkins. May 10, 1943.

    {67} Ibid. G.Earle to Hopkins. April 2, 1943. , , (.: Colvin I.Op. cit. P. 165166). , , , (.: ... . . 102; . 19391944. , 1969. . 100102).

    {68} FDRL. F.D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Messages to and from H.Hopkins. Box 13. G.Earle to Hopkins. February 25; April 15, 1944; Map Room. Missilenious Press Dispatches. Box 12. Folder 3 (A). G.Earle to Roosevelt. April 17, 1944.

    {69} NA.Record Group 226. OSSArchives. Entry 1. Box 1. Folder 10. Condition of a Separate Russo-German Peace. Summery and Conclusion. October 16, 1943; J.A.Morrison to R.Hartshorne. September 23, 1943.

    {70} .: . 19391945. . 6. ., 1976. .403404; FRUS. 1943. Vol. I. P. 510511; The Secret War Report of the OSS. P. 250.

    {71} .. . . 558.

    {72} , . . , , . 19451946. . , . X. : , ( . . 7. .VII. ., 1961. . 295).  1934. , . 1939. . , . , ( . von. . cit. . 445). 1944., . .

    {73} Moyzisch L..Operation Cicero. N.Y., 1950. P. 3.

    {74} Papen F. von. Op. cit. P. 480, 481, 489, 493, 495, 517.

    {75} Ibid. P. 522, 523.

    {76} .: . 19331945. ., 1976. . 237; F. von. Op. cit. . 481; Hhne .Op. cit. S. 460462.

    {77} .: . . ., 1961. . 229; . . ., 1972. . 8688.

    {78} F. von. Op. cit. P. 445, 496.

    {79} Ibid. P. 449, 500, 517; Colvin I.Op. cit. P. 215, 216.

    {80} Adams H.H.Op. cit. P. 334335; .. ϸ- . ., 1970. . 130131.

    {81} .: .., .. , 19391945. ., 1974. . 199200; Funk A.L.The Politics of TORCH.Lowrence, 1974. P. 249255.

    {82} .: .. // . 1978. ., 1978. .4268.

    {83} The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D.Roosevelt. Vol. XII. P.80.

    {84} FDRL. F.D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Messages to and from H.Hopkins. Box 15. Hopkins to G.Earle. February 18, 1943.

    {85} A.Record Group 226. OSSArchives. Entry 1. Box 2. Folder 28. W.J.Donovan to John K.Deane. January 4, 1944; Grose P.Op. cit. P. 17.

    {86} Library of Congress. Arthur Sweetser Papers. Box 34. Notes, May 29, 1942.

    {87} - 19411945. . 1. . 287.

    {88} .: .. . ., 1982. . 146.

    {89} .: - 19411945. . 1. . 224230.

    {90} . . . 21, 313. - .: . . , , // 19411945. ., 1995. .430.

    {91} . . . 292, 488.

    {92} . . . 338.

    {93} . . . 489; . 2. . 13.

    {94} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 12. Diary. November 20, 1942. Conference with the President.

    {95} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. Russia Russian Convoys. Box 217. Memorandum for Mr. Hopkins: Importance of Soviet Relationships and Suggestions for Improving Them. December 1, 1942.

    {96} - 19411945. . 1. . 262.

    {97} FDRL. F.D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Messages to and from H.Hopkins. Box 13. Folder 2. W.Churchill to Hopkins. February 13, 1943.

    {98} .: .. . . 180, 205.

    {99} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 12. Diary. March 14, 1943. Conference with Hopkins.

    {100} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 12. Diary. March 12, 1943.

    {101} Ibid. Diary. March 19, 1943.

    {102} Ibid. Journal. March 14, 1943.

    {103} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 12. Journal. March 14, 1943.

    {104} .: .. . , (19411942). ., 1997. . 192, 193.

    {105} -, .. 22 1942., - , .. 3 1942. . .. , (.: ... . . 141).

    {106} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 13. Diary. April 12, 1943. Roosevelt on Churchill and Stalin.

    {107} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 12. Diary. April 19, 1943.

    {108} .. 5 1943. .: - 19411945. . 1. . 315, 316.

    {109} FRUS.The Conference of Cairo and Teheran, 1943. Wash., 1961. P. 5.

    {110} .: - 19411945. . 1. . 319323.

    {111} . . . 315, 316.

    {112} . . 316.

    {113} FRUS.The Conference of Cairo and Teheran, 1943. P. 5.

    {114} - 19411945. . 1. . 324.

    {115} . . . 359.

    {116} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 13. Davies to H. M.Warner. May 24, 1943.

    {117} - 19411945. . 1. . 326.

    {118} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 13. Diary. June 7, 1943.

    {119} Burns J.M.Roosevelt: The Lion and the Fox. P. 368.

    {120} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. Russia Russian Convoys. Box 217. J.H.Burnes Memorandum. August 10, 1943 (Subject: Russia). 1972. .

    {121} Ibid; Sherwood R.E.Op. cit. Vol. 2. P. 364.

    {122} . : ... . . 191.

    {123} .: - 19411945. . 1. . 375.

    {124} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. Russia Russian Convoys. Box 217. Joint Intelligent Committee Weekly Summary. 34. September 1, 1943.

    {125} . 2 1943.

    {126} .: .H. . . 600.

    {127} Sherwood R.E.Op. cit. Vol. 2. P. 404.

    {128} 19411945. . II. , (28 1 1943.). . . M., 1978. . 175.

    {129} Harbatt F.The Iron Curtain: Churchill, America and the Origins of the Cold War. N.Y., 1986.

    {130} Hershberg J.G., James B.Conant. Harvard to Hiroshima and the Making of the Nuclear Age. Stanford (CA), 1993.

    {131} FDRL.Franklin D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Presidential Trips (Cairo Teheran). Box 17. Roosevelt to C.Hull. December 3, 1943.

    {132} - 19411945. . 1. . 461. . : , , , . , , , . , ( .. . // . 2008. 1. . 157).

    XI

    {1} .: . . 3. . . . 190.

    {2} Prannge G.W.Miracle at Midway. N. Y., 1982.

    {3} Mahan A.Th. The Influence of Sea Power upon History. N.Y., 1957. P. 68.

    {4} Sherwood R.E.Op. cit. Vol. 2. P. 304.

    {5} .. 4 1943. (. 6 1943.). 1942. . ..

    {6} , -, - . 1943. .. , , , , (.: - 19411945. . 1. 19411943. ., 1984. . 346).

    {7} Polenberg R.War and Society. The United States, 19411945. Philadelphia; N.Y., 1972. P. 194, 195.

    {8} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President. 19411945. Box 137. Office of War Information. Bureau of Intelligence. Special Intelligence Report Attitudes toward peace planning. March 6, 1943.

    {9} (FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. Box 137. Hopkins to Henry S.Curtis. March 24, 1943).

    {10} LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 2. Diary. January 16, February 26, 1943.

    {11} .: . . 3. . 424.

    {12} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. Box 137. Tom Connally to Hopkins. May 5, 1943.

    {13} Luce H.R.The American Century. N.Y., 1941. P. 27.

    {14} LC. F.Frankfurter Papers. Box 2. Diary. March 14, 1943.

    {15} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 12. Journal. March 14, 1943. Conference with the President.

    {16} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 421.

    {17} Ibidem.

    {18} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 13. Diary. May 3, 1943.

    {19} Hoover H. and Gibson H.The Problems of Lasting Peace. Garden City, 1942.

    {20} .: .. // . 2003. 1. . 80105; ONeill W.L. A Better World: The Great Schism. Stalinism and American Intellectuals. N.Y., 1982.

    {21} Steele R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and His Foreign Policy Critics // Political Science Quarterly. Spring, 1979.

    {22} .: - 19411945. . 1. . 346347.

    {23} , , , (.: NYPL N.Thomas Papers. Box 27. Allan H.Gilbert to Thomas. March23, 1944).

    {24} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 13. J.Davies to S.Rosenman. July 29, 1943.

    {25} LC. .Long Papers. Box 5. Diaries. August 9, 1943.

    {26} Burns J. M.Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom. P. 398.

    {27} .: - 19411945. . 1. . 351.

    {28} Mark E.American Policy toward Eastern Europe and the Origins of the Cold War, 19411946: AnAlternative Interpretation // Journal of American History. Vol. 68. 2. September 1981. P. 315.

    {29} FDRL. O.Cox Papers. Diaries and Related Material. Box 148. Cox to Hopkins. October 16, 1943.

    {30} - 19411945. . 1. . 388.

    {31} . . 388441. . . , . 20 1943. , , . .. : , , , л.

    {32} .: Harriman W. A., Abel E.Special Envoy to Churchill and Stalin. 19411946. N.Y., 1975. P. 213, 218, 219.

    {33} FDRL.Franklin D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Box 17. Folder 4. S.Early to Hopkins. December 7, 1943.

    {34} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 440.

    {35} Ibid. P. 441.

    {36} .: .. (19431946.) // . 2002. 3. . 183.

    {37} NYPL. N.Thomas Papers. Box 26. Chester Bowles to Thomas. December13, 1943.

    {38} FDRL. S.Rosenman Papers. General Correspondence. Box 1. Chester Bowles to Rosenman. December 23, 1943.

    {39} LC.Harold L.Ickes Papers. Box 162. Ickes to Marguerite A.Le Hand. December 27, 1943.

    {40} .: - 19411945. . 1. . 435.

    {41} LC. .Long Papers. Box 149. Claude Bowers to Long. March 30, 1944.

    {42} FDRL. S.Rosenman Papers. General Correspondence. Box 4. Robert Sherwood to Rosenman. March 5, 1944.

    {43} LC.Laurence A.Steingardt Papers. Box 44. Breckinridge Long to Steingardt. March 24, 1944.

    {44} Ibidem.

    {45} , 19381940. (Beschloss M.R.Kennedy and Roosevelt. The Uneasy Alliance. N.Y., 1980. P. 167); 19411945 / . . .. . ., 1995. . 197224.

    {46} Wittner L.S.Rebels against War. The American Peace Movement, 19331983. Philadelphia, 1984. P. 111.

    {47} .: H. . : . . 259.

    {48} Wilcox W. W.The Farmer in the Second World War. Ames (Iowa), 1947. P. 9596, 249251.

    {49} , . . . , , . , . , . . (Terkel S.The Good War. AnOral History of World War Two. N.Y., 1984. P. 119).

    {50} A Report on Wartime Life in the United States. Ed. by Jack Goodman. N.Y., 1946. P. 18, 23.

    {51} Coffin .The Passion of the Hawks: Militarism in Modern America. N.Y., 1964. P. 162.

    {52} Sherry M.S.Preparing for the Next War. New Haven, 1977. P. 33.

    {53} Koistinen Paul A. C.The Industrial-Military Complex in Historical Perspective: The Interwar Years // Journal of American History. LVI.March 1970. P. 819839.

    {54} Noble D.F.Forces of Production. A Social History of Industrial Automation. N.Y., 1984. P. 5, 6.

    {55} Ibid. P. 7.

    {56} Ibid. P. 12.

    {57} . : Wittner L. S.Op. cit. P. 115.

    {58} The American Economic Review. Vol. XXXIII. 1. Supplement. Pt 2. March 1943. P. 29, 33, 78, 80, 113, 114, 131.

    {59} American Economic Review. Vol. XXXIV. N1. Pt 2. Supplement. March 1944. P. 120, 126, 140, 148.

    {60} . : Wittner L. S.Op. cit. P. 114.

    {61} Ibid. P. 47, 48.

    {62} Josephson M.Op. cit. P. 593.

    {63} Gotson R.The AFLForeign Policy Making Process from the End of World War IIto the Merger // Labor History. 1975. Vol. 16. 3. P. 336.

    {64} .  2- . 19181965. . 2. 19391965. M., 1971. . 121123.

    {65} Polenberg R.War and Society. P. 203207.

    {66} Ibid. P. 208.

    {67} 1 1944. . , (NYPL. N.Thomas Papers. Box 27. Bertran D.Wolfe to Thomas. May 2, 1944).

    {68} Ibid. Box 28. William Hard to Thomas. March 1, 1945; Alfred M.London to Thomas. May 3, 1945; FDRL. . Papers. Box 149. FDRs Memorandum for Secretary of War. August 26, 1944.

    {69} FDRL. S.I.Rosenman Papers. General Correspondence. Box 2. Isador Lubin to Rosenman. October 17, 1944.

    {70} Ibid. Box I. W.P.Reuther to FDR.August 23, 1944.

    {71} Bamard J.Walter Reuther and the Rise of the Auto Workers. Boston; Toronto, 1983. P. 88113; Hinshaw J.Steel and Steel Workers: Race and Class Struggle in Twentieth-Century Pittsburgh. Albany, 2002.

    {72} Josephson M.Op. cit. P. 607.

    {73} LC.Kermit and Belle Roosevelt Papers. Box 136. Notes. July 13, 1943.

    {74} 1943. (., : Churchill and Roosevelt. The Complete Correspondence. Vols. IIII. II.Alliance Forged. November 1942February 1944. Ed. with Commentary by Warren F.Kimball ( Churchill and Roosevelt). Princeton, 1984. P. 290, 291). , , , . - , . , , , . ., 21 1944. : , - ; - , , , , (LC.Harold L.Ickes Papers. Box 162. Ickes to Mrs. Charles E.Merriam. November 21, 1944).

    {75} .: Culver J.C. and Hyde J.Op. cit. P. 277.

    {76} Ibidem.

    {77} White D.W.Op. cit. P. 9.

    {78} Washington Star. July.29, 1944.

    {79} 1944. , (.: Churchill and Roosevelt. III. P. 191193, 243).

    {80} The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D.Roosevelt. Vol. XIII. P. 42.

    {81} Churchill and Roosevelt. III. P. 208210.

    {82} . 13 1944. (.: - 19411945. . 2. .235; Churchill and Roosevelt. III. P. 209, 210).

    {83} Churchill and Roosevelt. III. . 319; . : .. (19411945). . 309314.

    {84} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 481; Bishop J. FDRs Last Year. April 1944April 1945. L., 1975. P. 166.

    {85} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 14. Diary. June 27, 1944.

    {86} LC. .Long Papers. Box 5. Diaries. September 26, 1944.

    {87} Chicago Tribune. September 24, 1944.

    {88} .: ... . . 301.

    {89} Washington Post. August 18, 1944.

    {90} - 19411945. . 2. . 196.

    {91} FDRL.Personal Letters in the Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. 19301946. Roll 17. Stephen Early Memorandum for Miss Kraus, Secretary to Hon. Harry Hopkins. March 27, 1944.

    {92} Ibid. Untitled Article by Harry L.Hopkins ( 1944.). , , , ( ). , 1 1944. . , , (.: ..- 19411945. ., 1964. . 287).

    {93} FDRL.Personal Letters in the Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. 19301946. Roll 17. Untitled Article.

    {94} Polenberg R.Op. cit. P. 211, 212.

    {95} FDRL. S.I.Rosenman Papers. General Correspondence. Box 2. FDRMemorandum for the Secretary of State. September 29, 1944.

    {96} , - , .. (.: ... . .287298).

    {97} .: - 19411945. . 2. . 244, 258, 264, 274276; Churchill and Roosevelt. III. P. 377, 385.

    {98} Meacham J.Franklin and Winston. P. 308.

    {99} .: - 19411945. . 2. . 144148, 166, 171.

    {100} Chicago Tribune. November 11, 1944.

    {101} - 19411945. . 1. . 171.

    {102} . : . M., 1980. . 321.

    {103} (085) 1944. : . , . , , , ⅻ : , (FDRL.Map Room. Box 171. Naval Aid File. Joint Chiefs of Staff Memorandum for Information 180. Report on Political Conditions in Occupied Europe. January 17, 1944)

    {104} LC.Kermit and Belle Roosevelt Papers. Box 136. .

    {105} NA. W.Leahy Papers. Box 4. Memoirs to the President from General Marshall. March 31, 1944. Analysis of the Russian Front.

    {106} - ( 1944.).

    {107} FDRL. . Papers. Box 150. Diaries and Related Material. Memorandum for Mr. Harry L.Hopkins. December 19, 1944. Subject: Army and Navy Journal Stories about Soviet Strategy.

    {108} .: .. . 19411945. ., 1985. . 272.

    {109} FDRL.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Messages to and from Harry L.Hopkins. Box 13. Hopkins to A.Harriman. September 11, 1944.

    {110} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 189; Moran L.Churchill: Taken from the Diaries of Lord Moran The Struggle for Survival 19401965. Boston, 1966. P. 173, 185.

    {111} Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 918, 919.

    {112} .: .. . . 376; Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 506.

    {113} Campbell Th.M., Herring G.C.The Diaries of Edward R.Stettinius, Jr. 19431945. N.Y., 1975. P. 214.

    {114} FDRL. S.I.Rosenman Papers. General Correspondence. Box 2. FDRMemorandum for Secretary of State. September 29, 1944.

    {115} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 15. Journal. October 11, 1944. Hopkins on Unity.

    {116} FDRL.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Messages to and from Harry L.Hopkins. Box 13. Hopkins to A.Harriman. September 11, 1944.

    {117} Ibid. Hopkins to W.Churchill. December 16, 1944.

    {118} Stettinius E.Roosevelt and the Russians. The Yalta Conference. N.Y., 1949. P. 304.

    {119} Hershberg J.G.James B.Conant. Harvard to Hirosshima and the Making of the Nuclear Age. Stanford (Cal.), 1993. P. 204.

    {120} .: - 19411945. . 2. . 171.

    {121} . . . 177, 178, 181.

    {122} . . 184.

    {123} .: .. . ., 1984. . 223224.

    {124} NA. W.Leahy Papers. Box 4. Russia (Moscow Mission) 1944. U.S.Military Mission, Moscow, to War Department. October 17. 1944.

    {125} Ibid. October 16, 1944.

    {126} .: 19411945. . IV. , (411 1945.). . . ., 1979. . 49.

    {127} Bishop J. FDRs Last Year. April 1944April 1945. L., 1975. P. 245.

    {128} Fousek J.To Ledd the Free World. American Nationalism and the Cultural Roots of the Cold War. Chapel Hill, 2000. P. 43.

    {129} - 19411945. . 2. . 288.

    {130} Clemens D.S.Yalta. N.Y., 1970. P. 84.

    {131} NA. W.Leahy Papers. Box 4. Russia in Pacific War with Japan (Russian Participation in the War against Japan). January 23, 1945.

    {132} .. . . 2. . 659.

    {133} Bishop J.Op. cit. P. 461.

    {134} Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy. P. 507, 508.

    {135} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Box 16. Journal. January 10, 1945.

    {136} 19411945. . IV. .271.

    {137} Burns J.M.Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom. P. 572.

    {138} Gaddis J.L.Russia, the Soviet Union, and the Unites States. AnInterpretive History. N.Y., 1978. P. 166.

    {139} Lash J.P.Op. cit. P. 923.

    {140} Burns J.M.Op. cit. P. 583.

    {141} FDRL.Papers of Harry L.Hopkins. Special Assistant to the President, 19411945. Box 137. Russel W.Devenport to Hopkins. February 20, 1945.

    {142} Ibid. Hopkins to Russel Devenport. February 26, 1945.

    {143} Hershberg J.Op. cit. P. 215; Kimball W.F.The Juggler. P. 236, 237.

    {144} The Public Papers and Addressess of Franklin D.Roosevelt. Vol. XIII. P.570586.

    {145} Fortune. 1945. III.

    {146} LC. J.R.Oppenheimer Papers. Box 62. Franklin D.Roosevelt to Oppenheimer. June 29, 1943.

    {147} Ibid. Box 34. Memorandum of April 18, 1945from Justice F.Frankfurter to Lord Halifax.

    {148} Sherwin M.J. A World Destroyed. The Atomic Bomb and Grand Alliance. N.Y., 1977. P. 284.

    {149} LC.Herbert Feis Papers. Box 17. M.M.Gowing to Feis. September 5, 1965.

    {150} LC. J.R.Oppenheimer Papers. Box 34. Addendum to Memorandum of July 3{rd} 1944. March 24, 1945. ByDr. Bohr.

    {151} Ibidem.

    {152} Washington Post. January 28, 1947; Yale University Library. Henry L.Stimson Diaries. Ree 9. March 15, 1945.

    {153} Sherwin M.J.Op. cit. P. 7.

    {154} LC. J.R.Oppenheimer Papers. Box 62. E.Roosevelt to Oppenheimer. April 16, 1954.

    {155} Harpers Magazine. 1946. III.

    {156} FRUS, 1996. Vol. 6. P. 708.

    {157} ... . . 208210.

    {158} FDRL.Franklin D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Box 171. Naval Aides File. Roosevelt to G.Earle. March 24, 1945.

    {159} .: . : . ., 1968. . 249, 250.

    {160} Brown A.Cave. The Last Hero. Wild Bill Donovan. N.Y., 1984. P. 728, 729.

    {161} LC. W.Leahy Papers. Box 20. Joseph Davies to H.Truman. June 12, 1945.

    {162} LC.Joseph E.Davies Papers. Chronological File. Box 16. Diary. March30, 1945.

    {163} Kolko G.The Politics of War. N.Y., 1968. P. 379.

    {164} Bishop J.Op. cit. P. 545.

    {165} FDRL.Franklin D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Box 11. Ambassador Winant to the President. April 6, 1945.

    {166} ...

    {167} FDRL.Franklin D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Box 35. Roosevelt Memorandum for Admiral Leahy. April 8, 1945.

    {168} Churchill and Roosevelt. III. P. 630.

    {169} The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D.Roosevelt. Vol. XIII. P.613616.

    {170} - 19411945. . 2. . 355.

    {171} FDRL.Franklin D.Roosevelt Papers. Map Room. Box 35. Roosevelt to Ambassador Harriman. April 12, 1945.

    {172} .: .., , : 1940- . . ., 2006. . 312313.

    {173} - 19411945. . 2. . 400.

    {1} New York Times, April 11, 2010. P. 10.

    {2} Ibid. P. 9.

    {3} Leonhardt D.Headling Off the Next Financial Crisis // New York Times Magazine, March 28, 2010. P. 38.

    {4} : Johnson S., Kwak J.Bankers. The Wall Street Takeover and the Next Financial Meltdown. N.Y., 2010. P. 3437.

    {5} New York Times Magazine, March 20, 2010. P. 38.

    {6} Brinkley A.With Justices for All // New York Times Book Review, March 28, 2010. P. 11.

    {7} Hobsbawm E.The Age of Extremes. A History of the World, 19141991. N.Y., 1996. P. 249.

    {8} LC.John Davidson Papers. Box 13. Lincoln Steffens to Davidson. September 1, 1935.

    {9} Kimball W.F.Thirty Years After, or the Two Musketeers // Diplomatic History. Vol. 18. 2. Spring 1994. P. 166

    {10} Ward G.C. A First Class Temperament. The Emergence of Franklin Roosevelt. N.Y., 1989, p. 681.

    {11} Ibid. P. 696

    {12} Ibid. P. 530.

    {13} Ibid. P. 682.

    {14} -. , , , , . , , , - , , , - , , (Schlesinger A.M., Jr. Journal, 19522000. N.Y., 2007. P. 187).

    {15} .: . . ., 1993. . 23.

    {16} Krugman P.For Richer. How the Permissive Capitalism of the Boom destroyed American Equality // New York Times Magazine, October 20, 2002. P. 65.

    {17} . . ., 2008. . 33.

    {18} .. . . 202.

    {19} Ward G.C. A First Class Temperament. The Emergence of Franklin Roosevelt. N.Y., 1989. P. 521.

    {20} Kimball W.F.Op. cit. P. 169.

    {21} .: .. . // . 2008. 1. .161.

    {22} Kennan G.American Diplomacy, 19001950. Chicago, 1951. P. 135.

    {23} Rollins A.B., Jr. Roosevelt and Howe. N.Y., 1962. P. 226.

    {24} Ward G.C. A First Class Temperament. P. 535.

    {25} . : Dallek R.Franklin D.Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy 19321945. N.Y., 1979. P. vii.

    {26} Roosevelt J.My Parents: A Differing View. Chicago, 1976. P. 160162.

    {27} . : Kimball W.F.The Juggler. Franklin Roosevelt as Wartime Statesman. Princeton, 1991. P. 7.

    {28} Schlesinger A.M., Jr. Journal 19522000. P. 467.








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